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# Stack

Stack组件可以将子组件叠加显示,根据子组件的顺利依次向上叠加,用法如下:

Stack(
  children: <Widget>[
    Container(
      height: 200,
      width: 200,
      color: Colors.red,
    ),
    Container(
      height: 170,
      width: 170,
      color: Colors.blue,
    ),
    Container(
      height: 140,
      width: 140,
      color: Colors.yellow,
    )
  ],
)
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效果如下:

Stack未定位的子组件大小由fit参数决定,默认值是StackFit.loose,表示子组件自己决定,StackFit.expand表示尽可能的大,用法如下:

Stack(
  fit: StackFit.expand,
  ...
)
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Stack未定位的子组件的默认左上角对齐,通过alignment参数控制,用法如下:

Stack(
  alignment: Alignment.center,
  ...
)
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效果如下:

有没有注意到fitalignment参数控制的都是未定位的子组件,那什么样的组件叫做定位的子组件?使用Positioned包裹的子组件就是定位的子组件,用法如下:

Stack(
  alignment: Alignment.center,
  children: <Widget>[
    Container(
      height: 200,
      width: 200,
      color: Colors.red,
    ),
    Positioned(
      left: 10,
      right: 10,
      bottom: 10,
      top: 10,
      child: Container(
        color: Colors.green,
      ),
    )
  ],
)
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Positioned组件可以指定距Stack各边的距离,效果如下:

如果子组件超过Stack边界由overflow控制,默认是裁剪,下面设置总是显示的用法:

Stack(
  overflow: Overflow.visible,
  children: <Widget>[
    Container(
      height: 200,
      width: 200,
      color: Colors.red,
    ),
    Positioned(
      left: 100,
      top: 100,
      height: 150,
      width: 150,
      child: Container(
        color: Colors.green,
      ),
    )
  ],
)
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效果如下:

# IndexedStack

IndexedStack是Stack的子类,Stack是将所有的子组件叠加显示,而IndexedStack只显示指定的子组件,用法如下:

IndexedStack(
      index: _index,
      children: <Widget>[
        Center(
          child: Container(
            height: 300,
            width: 300,
            color: Colors.red,
            alignment: Alignment.center,
            child: Icon(
              Icons.fastfood,
              size: 60,
              color: Colors.blue,
            ),
          ),
        ),
        Center(
          child: Container(
            height: 300,
            width: 300,
            color: Colors.green,
            alignment: Alignment.center,
            child: Icon(
              Icons.cake,
              size: 60,
              color: Colors.blue,
            ),
          ),
        ),
        Center(
          child: Container(
            height: 300,
            width: 300,
            color: Colors.yellow,
            alignment: Alignment.center,
            child: Icon(
              Icons.local_cafe,
              size: 60,
              color: Colors.blue,
            ),
          ),
        ),
      ],
    )
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通过点击按钮更新_index值,代码如下:

Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          children: <Widget>[
            IconButton(
              icon: Icon(Icons.fastfood),
              onPressed: () {
                setState(() {
                  _index = 0;
                });
              },
            ),
            IconButton(
              icon: Icon(Icons.cake),
              onPressed: () {
                setState(() {
                  _index = 1;
                });
              },
            ),
            IconButton(
              icon: Icon(Icons.local_cafe),
              onPressed: () {
                setState(() {
                  _index = 2;
                });
              },
            ),
          ],
        )
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效果如下: